France has 750,000 hectares of vineyards in total, or 10% of the world's surface of wine vines... not surprisingly, in fact, it is the world's second largest wine producer after Italy.
There are 17 French wine regions :
- Armagnac and Cognac
- Beaujolais and Lyonnais
- Savoy and Bugey
- Vallee de la Loire
- Vallee du Rhône
Three quarters of the wines produced in France are still, that is non-sparkling, of which 55% red, 26% white and 19% rosé. About twenty vines, mainly autochthonous, are known all over the world.
- Examples of white grape varieties : chenin, sauvignon , chardonnay , riesling, viognier, ugni blanc, pinot gris, vermentino (it is also widespread in France!), grenache blanc.
- Examples of red grape varieties : pinot noir , cabernet-franc, cabernet-sauvignon, gamay , syrah , merlot, grenache, malbec , carignan.